A denture is a removable replacement for missing teeth and surrounding tissue. Two types of dentures are available.
Complete Dentures - Complete dentures can be of two types - “conventional” or “immediate”. Conventional dentures are made when the gum tissue has begun to heal. Immediate dentures are made much before the teeth are removed and can be positioned accordingly. However, as the healing process brings in the shrinking of gums and bones, further adjustments have to be made to assure proper fit and comfort. They are only a temporary solution till a conventional denture is made.
Partial Dentures - Partial dentures is made when one or more natural tooth are remaining in the upper or lower jaw. In this case the denture only has the missing teeth which is attached to a gum color acrylic / plastic base which is supported by a metal framework that hold everything in place.
Proper denture care is important for both your dentures and your mouth.
Handling - To avoid accidentally breaking your dentures, stand over a folded towel or sink full of water when handling them.
Brushing/Rinsing - Brushing help to remove stains, plaque and food from your dentures. Use a brush with soft bristles designed for cleaning dentures. Gently brush all of the surfaces and be careful not to damage the plastic or bend any attachments. Ultrasonic devices can be used. These are “mini-bathtub like” devices that use sound waves and
a cleaning solution to clean your dentures. They do not, however, replace daily brushing. In between brushing, rinse your dentures after every meal.
Denture Cleaners - Hand soap or mild dish washing liquid are acceptable cleaners for your dentures. Household cleaners and many types of toothpaste can be too abrasive and should not be used. Your dentist may recommend products that have been evaluated for effectiveness and safety.
Storage - Dentures need to be kept moist when they are not being used to avoid them drying out or loosing their shape. Store your dentures in a soaking solution or in water (does not use hot water). If your dentures have metal attachments, these could tarnish in a soaking solution. Ask your dentist which method is best for your specific denture.
Repair – Dentures should never be repaired or adjusted by yourself at home. Bending the metal or clasp may weaken the structure. Do-it-yourself kits can permanently damage your dentures and over the counter glues may contain harmful chemicals. If you are having any problems with the fit or comfort of your dentures, see your dentist for an adjustment. If your denture chips, breaks, crack or a tooth comes loose, often your dentist can repair it the same day.